Majdanek was a concentration camp and extermination site in Lublin, Nazi-occupied Poland. Majdanek opened in 1941 after Soviet POWs and forced Jewish labours were brought to begin the construction. Although initially a forced labour camp, mass killing began at Majdanek in October 1942. It is believed that up to 90,000 Jews were deported to Majdanek, and up to 235,000 people were killed there, although investigation continues to determine exact numbers. It was the first death camp to be liberated by the Allied forces in July 1944.